Stephen Knutson B8521612 ETMA03
How does the concept of ‘problem' populations highlight the ‘entangled' characteristics of relationship between crime control and social welfare policy? In what ways will the entanglement raise issues of social proper rights? This project will demonstrate how the notion of problem populations highlights the complex entanglements of cultural welfare policies and offense control. We are drawing on proof which demonstrates how these kinds of policies increase issues of social justice. The initially example to get used is Hurricane Katrina which emaciated the city of recent Orleans about 29th Aug 2005. This catastrophe left over one thousand deceased and remaining thousands destitute, without moving water, food or sanitation. Prior to the hurricane ‘the majority of the people of 1. three or more millions., had taken part in ‘the most significant forced immigration in recent U. S. history'. ( Gotham, 2007, s. 81). Gotham goes on to claim that those left out were mostly black and poor working class people and with large numbers of elderly people and children who had been quickly swallowed up by ton water. The residents of the communities had been viewed as problems population due to the high amounts of crime in these areas and deep seated social concerns. This view was perpetuated by the twenty four hour throughout the world media insurance coverage of the lootings, rape, killing and assault in the post occurences of the Hurricane. The insurance ignored the very fact that a few of the looting was obviously a result of lack of any aid being directed into the place and can be seen as a survival strategy by people suffering from social injustice. Multimedia emphasis was put on the area developing in to uncontrolled anarchy by the media coverage which has been sensationalised. This gives us with an ‘example of how lower income, disorderly conduct and lawbreaker activity turn out to be seen as strongly interlinked'. (Mooney 2008, p104). In immediate contrast to eye experience accounts which supplies a valuable regarding the householder's experiences and growing cultural needs.
Two white paramedic Bradshaw and Slonky, demonstrate in their account the lack of interpersonal welfare as well as the slowness by the federal government to supply the needy with the aid required to alleviate the growing social challenges, instead they concentrated in crime control. The entanglement between interpersonal welfare and crime control is clear while " countering antisocial behaviour may be thought as a sociable welfare subject in that it protects the welfare and wellbeing of some resistant to the disruption brought on by others” (Newman and Yeates, 2008 page 13). The two paramedics encountered confrontation with the National Guard, misinformation these people were given, the aggressive behaviour they knowledgeable, from the specialists, especially because they reached the brand new Orleans Connection which exhibited a crime control policy of containment and bias against the mainly dark-colored population. Their very own account also provides beneficial evidence showing that' despite concepts of poor people since " ‘passive' and ‘idle', many of the most adversely affected by Katrina were not well prepared or were not able to sit down out the tragedy until the government chose to react. Instead they mobilised collectively to find basic safety and protest against the injustices they suffered”. (Mooney 2008, p. 104-105). Many bloggers see hurricane Katrina being a social instead of natural devastation. Geographical elements can be seen to try out a part since ‘rich people tend to take the higher ground, leaving the poor and working category land more vulnerable to flooding… (Smith 2006) ', along with racial and class segregation. The US government authorities fiscal cuts and it's anti- terror travel post 9/11, meant that planning for and relief programs to help minimize the effects of catastrophes were little or non- existent. Neumayr refers to‘ New Orlean's hellish enclosure complexes…' included in the social trouble which clearly demonstrates that the poor and disadvantaged can be defined as a problem populace simply by the location...
References: Bradshaw, L. and Slonsky, M. B. (2005) in ‘Problem' populations, difficulty places Social Justice Criminal offenses and Culture, Maidenhead, Open up University, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
Gotham, H. F. (2007) ‘Problem' foule, problem spots Social Proper rights Crime and Society, Maidenhead, Open University, Milton Keynes, The Available University.