Experiment 1: Solubility of Organic Compounds
(Answers to Questions)
Q1. Condition what types of inetmolecular forces can be found in alternatives formed because of intermolecular destinations between the solute and the solvent.
For Water-Soluble Compounds:
Acetone вЂ“ Water: Hydrogen bonding and vehicle der Waals forces
Acetone вЂ“ Diethyl Ether: Dipole вЂ“ (induced) dipole and van der Waals pushes
Sucrose вЂ“ Water: Hydrogen bonding and van welcher Waals forces
Ethyl alcohol вЂ“ Water: Hydrogen developing and truck der Waals forces
Ethyl alcohol вЂ“ Dietheyl Azure: Dipole вЂ“ (induced) dipole and vehicle der Waals forces Pertaining to Acidic Substances:
Benzoic Acidity вЂ“ NaOH: Ion вЂ“ (induced) dipole and vehicle der Waals forces
Benzoic Acid вЂ“ NaHCO3: Ion вЂ“ (induced) dipole and van jeder Waals pushes
Phenol вЂ“ NaOH: Hydrogen Bonding, Ion вЂ“ dipole, and vehicle der Waals forces Pertaining to Basic Compound(s):
Aniline вЂ“ HCl: Ion вЂ“ dipole and vehicle der Waals forces
Intended for Neutral Substances:
Benzyl alcoholic beverages вЂ“ H2SO4: Hydrogen binding and vehicle der Waals forces
Benzaldehyde вЂ“ H2SO4: Ion вЂ“ (induced) dipole and van der Waals forces вЂѓ
Q2. Write down thier balanced substance equations for solute-solvent combos that are shaped due to reactions.
Intended for Acidic Substances:
Benzoic Acidity вЂ“ NaOH
гЂ–C_6 H_5 COOH+NaOHв†’ H_2 O+ C_6 H_5 COOгЂ—^-+Na^+
Benzoic Chemical p вЂ“ NaHCO3
гЂ–C_6 H_5 COOH+NaHCO_3в†’ H_2 O+ CO_2+C_6 H_5 COOгЂ—^-+Na^+
Phenol вЂ“ NaOH
PhOH+NaOHв†’H_2 O+ PhO^-+Na^+
For Fundamental Compound(s):
Aniline вЂ“ HCl
гЂ–C_6 H_5 NH_2+ HClв†’ C_6 H_5 NHгЂ—^(3+)+ гЂ–ClгЂ—^-
For Simple Compounds:
Benzyl Alcohol вЂ“ H2SO4
C_6 H_5 CH_2 OH+H_2 SO_4в†’C_6 H_5 COOH+2H_2 O+SO
Benzaldehyde вЂ“ H2SO4
C_6 H_5 CHO+H_2 SO_4в†’ H_2 O+ гЂ–CHгЂ—_3 CH_2 CH=CHвЂѓ
Q3. On the basis of solubility behavior, display how all the following pairs of substances may be known from one another.
CH3NH2 and CH3(CH2)5CH2NH2
Both are Nitrogen-containing (amine) ingredients but differ in the attached alkyl group. Immediately, we could conclude that...
References:  Organic Biochemistry and biology Laboratory Manual, 2008 Model, Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philiipines Diliman.
 Graziano, G., " Benzene solubility in water: A reassessment, вЂќ (2006) Chem. Phys. Notice, Volume 429, Issues 1-3, p 114-118.